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Wind tunnel Measurement of pressure Measurement of air velocity
Flow visualization Force test

 Wind tunnel
60cm x 60cm Tandem Test Section Basic Research Wind Tunnell
    A wind tunnel is a research tool developed to assist with studying the effects of air moving over or around solid objects.

  It consists of four major sections, the entrance, flow development section, test section, and diffuser.

 Measurement of pressure
Dwyer manometer & Pitot tube
    The total pressure of an air stream flowing in a duct is sum of the static or bursting pressure exerted upon the sidewalls of the duct and the impact or velocity pressure of the moving air.

  Through the use of a pitot tube connected differentially to a manometer, the velocity pressure alone is indicated and the corresponding air velocity determined.

 Measurement of air velocity

Hot wire sensors

IFA-100 Thermal anemometer
    The hot wire is used to measure gas and liquid flow precisely.

  The most commonly used wire is a platinum coated tungsten wire.

 Flow visualization
Flow visualization
    Because air is transparent it is difficult to directly observe the air movement itself. Instead, a smoke particulate or a fine mist of liquid is sprayed into the tunnel just ahead of the device being tested. The particulate is sufficiently low mass to stay suspended in the air without falling to the floor of the tunnel, and is light enough to easily move with the airflow.

  High-speed turbulence and vortices can be difficult to see directly, but strobe lights and film cameras or high-speed digital cameras can help to capture events that are a blur to the naked eye.

 Force test

Six force balance

Data acquisition system

Pressure transducer

Pressure scanner

Data acquisition system
    With the model mounted on a force balance, one can measure lift, drag, lateral forces, yaw, roll, and pitching moments over a range of angle of attack.

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